Books, Articles and Other Information

about Jenolan Caves

 

Herein is a very incomplete coverage of the many books and articles which have been written about Jenolan Caves area.

For more about the literature of Jenolan Caves contact the Jenolan Caves Historical & Preservation Society (viz.  http://sites.google.com/site/jenolancaveshistoricalsociety/book-covers ) or the Jenolan Caves email discussion list, which latter discusses all things related to Jenolan.

The Jenolan email discussion list was set up by Bob Whyte, a guide at Jenolan since 1996.   Bob is a long time curator and research officer for the Jenolan Caves Historical & Preservation Society.   A keen photographer, Bob also takes wedding photos for couples marrying at Jenolan (usually conducted in the Temple of Baal or Lucas cave with outdoor photos along the Blue Lake).   Anyone marrying at Jenolan hopefully become part of the growing 'Jenolan family' - or jenolanites - who feel a bonding to this area.   Rob also photographs/videos whatever special events occur at Jenolan, to add to the preservation of the history of this place.   Some of that  work can be viewed on You tube.   Guide Ted Matthews, and others, have also added to this good and ongoing preservation and interpretation of the past and present of Jenolan.    Ted has promoted the better understanding and communication of Jenolan's geology by copying geology articles and having them available for guides at the guides' room - so that best-available information is passed on to Jenolans' many visitors.

There are two website domains re Jenolan Caves:

JENOLAN COM - http://www.whoismind.com/whois/jenolan.com.html

(Other domains are .net and .org - http://www.whoismind.com/whois/jenolan.org.html (registrant uncertain);

http://www.whoismind.com/domain-available/jenolan.net.html (not taken or expired?)  )

 

Jenolan org relates to a software company [Copyright © Larry Lewis 2001-2012] and states "Jenolan is not Jenolan Caves!

Jenolan Caves - This is not Jenolan Caves click to go to the best caves. We use the Jenolan name because we love the caves."  

 

Various attempted domain name trading based on Jenolan Caves exists, e.g.:-

 

 

Although www.jenolan.com is owned by Bob Whyte that address now defaults to http://members.optusnet.com.au/rawhyte/index.html

http://members.optusnet.com.au/rawhyte/index.html - At this webpage you can find where to subscribe to the Jenolan Caves email list.

The other main Jenolan Caves website is http://www.jenolancaves.org.au , which is by the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.

This also has an associated Blog, at http://jenolancaves.podbean.com

Guidance to materials about the theories on how Jenolan Caves formed may also be obtained from one of the senior guides, Ted Matthews,  

Contact Ted at:  tedwin43 "@" bigpond.net.au , or see more about the aspects of origin at http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5737284/ted-matthews-jenolan.htm 

The Jenolan Caves Historical & Preservation Society publishes articles of interest on Jenolan in its journal "Binoomea".  Part of one story of special interest, re James McKeown and the facts/legends of Jenolan Caves discovery is shown below, which is a topic that has been much researched by Dr  Dan Catchpole (in Binoomea, No. 135, 2008; continued in the Feb. 2009 issue).

http://www.jenolanhistory.org.au

 

Books

   

"The Lucas Cave, Jenolan Caves" by W.L Havard    (Re-published 2011)

   

   

   

   

   

      

 

 

"The Jenolan Caves, New South Wales" by J.J. Fosters, 1890.   (Also a facsimile edition has been produced. A4 size. 62 pages, 2011)

   

"The Romance of Jenolan Caves" by Ward L. Havard (Facsimile edition by NSW Dept. Leisure, Sport & Tourism)

   

"Click Go the Cameras" by Elery Hamilton-Smith.  Published 2011

"Jenolan Caves Guides, Guests & Grottoes" by John R Dunkley, 1st edition 2007, 73 pages   (re-released Jointly with Australian Speleological Society in 2010)

 

Papers/articles

   

Work by Noel Rawlinson:  1) "The Discovery of the Imperial Cave" is based on a paper read to JCHPS on 18/11/1972 

(Reprint:  1st edition May 1974, 2nd ed October 1976, 3rd ed June 2009.

2)  "John Lucas incorporating the McKewen, Fish River, Binda or Jenolan Caves" by Noel Rawlinson.  Published 2010.  (Reprint.)

 

The Inevitable Mr. James McKeown

It is perhaps not suprising that the (Palaeozoic) origins of life - of a billion sea creaturs - at Jenolan are lost in the mists of time, but that even who discovered JC is likewise shrouded, lost or semi-lost is surprising and is a bit of an indictment on Australia's loss of its own records since the coming of the European record-keepers.  James McKeown is generally thought to have been the discoverer and such has been related to visitors by generation after generation of cave guides at Jenolan.   But how much of it is true, and how much is myth that has grown with the re-telling.

In fact, did James McKeown the supposed ex-convict bushranger who supposedly hung out in hiding at the Caves, and made himself a nice little garden up "McKeown Valley" accessed via the Devil's Coach House, even exist?

Doubters for a while in more recent times even came to doubt the very existence of James McKeown the purported caves discover.

This has been most thoroughly researched by Dr Dan Catchpoole, a medical doctor, who has been able to confirm that McKeown did exist, and who has unravelled some of the possible confusion or misinformation.    Even so, key information has seemingly been lost (yet it could still turn up somewhere?).  That loss relates to records from Bathurst court which may have gone astray in connection with the introduction of a new system for how court records would be dealt with(?).

Some of the story as developed from Dr Dan's work is below.    It can be discussed with him via the Jenolan email discussion list.

A "standard" account of the discovery of Jenolan Caves - Sydney Morning Herald 8 February 2004

( http://www.smh.com.au/news/new-south-wales/jenolan-caves/2005/02/17/1108500196857.html )

Dan Catchpole's study of Jame McKeown in 2008, Binoomea, No. 135, pp. 3-5   [ Dan continued Part 2 in Binoomea, Feb. 2009.]

James McKeown - Part 2.  By Dan Catchpole. Binoomea, February 2009.  [Part 3 appeared in Binoomea, February 2011.]

Tracking original and even earlier secondary references to McKeown has sometimes been difficult.   For example the author of the above articles, Dr Dan Catchpole has written on the Jenolan discussion list:

"Rob - your previous post about your find in 'The Argus' has reminded me of a problem I have encountered with this particular newspaper. In a number of early books on Jenolan (eg Ward L Harvards book etc) they quote an article about McKeown from 'Argus' (some time dates 1899). The quote is.

"James McKeown was an escaped convict.whose presence on the main western road was for years excessively irritating to the settlers, on whose stores he laid an oppressive toll.Whalan set out to track McKeown and followed him up hill and down dales for miles..The tracks led up to a wild cavern and into it.and burst again into open day, and the route lay along a rugged gorge for some three miles. Here the bushranger again disappeared.all about were evidences of careful cultivation, the bush ranger having laid out a nice little farm. (DRC - note McKeown was a plough hand) Satisfied he had traced his bird, Whalan retraced his steps..Next day a party was made up, and with the aid of troopers McKeown was captured...McKeown lived to return from a long term of exile on Norfolk Island and to revisit the scene of his former exploits."

This report in the Argus has not been re-located.    Dan is keen to learn who was the author (despite a NSW Tourism handbook "Guiding and Jenolan" Handbook from the 1960s apparently attributing the article to being written by an author named "Argus".   Was there more than one Argus newspaper?

In Colonial Secretary's records "MCKEON, James. Per "Asia", 1825.  1825 Feb On list of convicts landed from the "Asia" and forwarded to Parramatta for distribution (Reel 6014; 4/3513 p.490)".   If he was consigned to R. Smith who was that?   In "The Parramatta Native Institution and the Black Town:  A History" by J. Brook and J.K. Kohen (1991) there is a Robert Smith who must have been at the Black Town and may well be at least a possibility.  This Robert Smith in 1822 was paid for land clearing and fencing for the erection of the Native Institution and also for travelling to Sydney to bring up supplies   (pp.137-138), was still stump-burning in 1823 (p.140) and in 1825 was mentioned possibly as an old man (p. 174, and finally in 1825 he leased 15 acres of Nurrugingy's land for a period of five years and an annual rent of £5 plan agreement to fall and burn off timber at one acre per year (p.39).   If an old man he could have used help in 1825 as he had further committed to clearing an acre a year.  There is also Colonial Secretary records of a Robert Smith of South Creek receiving an assigned convict in 1823 -  22  May, on list of persons receiving an assigned convict (Fiche 3291; 4/4570D p.106).

After the crossing of the Blue Mountains, it was thought that John Smith (Robert Smith's father) may have obtained land at Liddleton in the Hartley Valley (via Mount Victoria).  It was also thought that John or Robert became superintendent of Rev. Marsden's stock west of the Blue Mountains.  Marsden had a fine holding at "The Vale", Molong.  However this may be a mix-up due to the fact that record of being overeer to Marsden stock at "Bathurst" could also apply to the Cumberland Plain area that was called the Bathurst district.  The western John Smith might not be the South Creek family?   Unless he was son who came to Australia a little later?   The famous 'western' John Smith (1811-1895), sheepbreeder, was born on 25 May 1811 at Trelanvean, St Keverne, Cornwall, England, son of John Smith, farmer, and his wife Elizabeth, née Cock.  He reached Sydney in the Abel Gower on 22 April 1836, and first became station superintendent for John Maxwell at Narroogal on the Bell River south of Wellington.  A little later, in 1839, he became superintendent of Rev. Marsden's sheep too, under John Betts, Marsden's manager and son-in-law at the Molong run.   Smith gradually acquired his own sheep, and eventually many runs.  On 12 September 1843 he took up part of the Molong run with some pure-bred descendants of Rev. Marsden's merinos, forming the nucleus of the later-famous Gamboola stud.  His tenacity and knowledge of the land laws contributed to many arguments with the authorities. In 1847 he was arrested for allegedly stealing an iron pot; he was acquitted but failed in two actions against R. J. Barton who had signed the warrant. He was appointed a magistrate in 1850. [REF: "Life and times of John Smith of Gamboola, Molong and Llanarth, Bathurst, 1811-1895"/ by David H. Rutherford, 1990.]

The South Creek Smith family, presumably unrelated to the John Smith described above who came to own Gamboola, derive from John Smith an early free settler (viz. http://www.zentus.com/tomlister/smithframe.htm ).  This family came from Torryburn on the northern shore of the Firth of Forth, Fife, Scotland.  They left Britain with two other families of friends (the Andrew McDougals and the John Bowmans) in 1797.  When King was Lieutenant-Governor he interviewed men including Smith, McDougal and Bowman in London 1797 and engaged them as carpenters to build a corn mill in Parramatta.  When they arrived in Sydney the and the corn mill job had lapsed and the families received land grants in the Hills District.   John Smith was later granted 150 acres at Toongabbie district.   John Smith and his descendants became leading pioneers and citizens of the Bathurst-Orange-Cudal-Molong districts. John Smith died in Baulkham Hills on 12 Aug 1846, aged 84 years, and was buried in the family vault in St. John's cemetery, Parramatta where his wife Mary was also buried after her death on 26 Aug 1835.  

The eldest son was Robert Smilth (Edinburgh 19 Apr 1788, bapt. St Cuthbert's Edinburgh 26 Apr 1788, d. Bathurst NSW, 15 Dec 1851) who became a grazier in the Bathurst district where he employed the convict couple William McPhillamy and his wife Mary (nee Scott).  When this overseer William McPhillamy died in 1838, Robert Smith married his widow Mary (1792-1851) and, being childless himself, left his estate to the McPhillamy children.  In the 1828 census, the following are to be found: Robert Smith, 36, Barwell 1798, Landholder, Campbell Rv., Bathurst - presumably the same Robert Smith who in the Muster List of 1823/4/5 is "employed by Mr Marsden, Parramatta".

Another of John Smith's sons, John Smith jnr, married Emma Maria Doyle, daughter of Irish convict Andrew Doyle, whose opinion was that Rev Samuel Marsden talked a lot of rubbish landed him in gaol on bread and water.  So he then wrote a famous letter declaring the Rev Marsden was a waste of a good blacksmith.

Robert Smith was apparently employed by Rev Samuel Marsden as overseer to his stock at "Bathurst" by 1819 (Referred to in evidence given at inquest on Thomas Gorman, Colonial Secretary records, (Reel 6021; 4/1819 p.238).  Robert's father John did a Memorial requesting land for his five sons in 1824 ( Colonial Secretary records, Fiche 3111; 4/1839B No.910 pp.785-94).  Although at Bathurst in 1819, Robert was still in the Windsor area ("Melville") in 1825   He seems to have been working for Marsden at South Creek in 1823 and may be the Robert Smith who signed a petition in Windsor in 1822 objecting to the Commissariat's new system of paying for supplies in Spanish dollars.  

The large extent of Robert Smith's holdings by the time of his death in 1851 is shown by his will as follows:

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

This is the last Will and Testament of me Robert Smith of Mount Tamar in the County of Bathurst in the Colony of New South Wales Esquire I do hereby appoint Robert McPhillamy of Glenesk in the County of Westmoreland and Colony aforesaid Grazier Charles McPhillamy of Charlton in the County of Bathurst and Colony aforesaid Grazier and John McPhillamy of Mount Tamar aforesaid Grazier Trustees of this my Will and the said Robert McPhillamy Charles McPhillamy John McPhillamy and John Joseph Hoke of the Town of Bathurst and Colony aforesaid Auctioneer Executors of this my last Will and Testament I direct that all my first debts funeral and testamentary expenses shall be paid as soon as conveniently can be out of my personal estate I give and bequeath to my brother William Smith of Baulkham Hills in the Colony aforesaid Farmer the sum of three hundred pounds sterling one half part or moiety to be paid by my said Executors to the said William Smith at the expiration of six months after my decease And the residue of the said sum of three hundred pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease I give and bequeath to my brother James Smith of Eastern Creek in the said Colony Farmer the sum of three hundred pounds sterling one half part or moiety of the said last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds to be paid by my said Executors to the said James Smith at the expiration of six months after my decease and the residue of the said last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease I give and bequeath to my brother Andrew Smith of Bathurst in the Colony aforesaid the sum of Three hundred pounds sterling one half part or moiety of the said last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds to be paid by my said Executors to the said Andrew Smith at the expiration of six months after my decease and the residue of the said last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease I give and bequeath to my brother John Smith of Hunters River in the Colony aforesaid Farmer the sum of Three hundred pounds sterling one half part or moiety of the sum last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds to be paid by my said Executors to the said John Smith at the expiration of six months after my decease and the residue of the said last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease I give and bequeath to my sister Mary widow of the late James Elder formerly of Parramatta in the said Colony the sum of Three hundred pounds sterling one half part or moiety of the sum last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds to be paid by my said Executors to the said Mary Elder at the expiration of six months after my decease and the residue of the said last mentioned sum of Three hundred pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease I give and bequeath to Joseph West Junior of O'Connell Plains in the said Colony Grazier the sum of Fifty pounds sterling one half part or moiety of the said sum of Fifty pounds to be paid to the said Joseph West Junior at the expiration of six months after my decease and the residue of the said sum of Fifty pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease And I direct that in case my personal estate should not be sufficient for the payment of any said debts funeral and testamentary expenses and the legacies hereinbefore and hereinafter bequeathed I hereby empower my said Executors to sell and dispose of or mortgage such portion or portions of my residuary real estate they may think fit and apply the proceeds towards payment of the same or any balance which may remain unpaid after my personal estate shall have been exhausted for that purpose I give and bequeath all shares in the Commercial Banking Company of Sydney and in the Bank of New South Wales at Sydney in the Colony aforesaid standing in my name at the time of my decease as follows that is to say one fourth part or share of my said shares in the said Banks to the said Robert McPhillamy his executors administration or assigns one other fourth part or share of the said shares to the said Charles McPhillamy his executors administrators or assigns one other fourth part on share of the said shares to the said John McPhillamy his executors administrators or assigns and the remaining fourth part or share of the said shares to Elizabeth Ashe wife of the said John Joseph Ashe her executors administrators or assigns I give and bequeath unto James McPhillamy of Bogea in the Colony aforesaid Grazier six hundred young Ewes to be selected by my said Executors from my Flocks now depasturing in the County of Bathurst aforesaid in the said Colony And also the sum of one hundred pounds sterling one half part or moiety of the said sum of one hundred pounds to be paid by me said Executors to the said James McPhillamy at the expiration of six months after my decease and the residue of the said sum of one hundred pounds at the expiration of twelve months after my decease I give and bequeath to the Bathurst Hospital the sum of fifty pounds sterling I give and devise all those nine hundred and seven acres of land (more or less) situate lying and being at "Nurea" in the District of Wellington and Colony aforesaid bounded on the north by Government Land on the west by the Bell River on the south by six hundred and forty eight acres of land which I have devised to John McPhillamy on the East by six hundred and forty acres of land which I have also devised to the said John McPhillamy and which piece or parcel of land is now in the occupation of myself And also all those one thousand three hundred and six acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District of Bathurst and County of Georgianna and Colony aforesaid and now in the occupation of the said Robert McPhillamy Known as Wallbrook and purchased by me from one Charles Kable Warby of Campbells River And also all those two hundred and fifty acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District of Bathurst County of Westmoreland and Colony aforesaid now in the occupation of the said Robert McPhillamy and Known as Glenesk bounded on the east and north by Henry Perriers Grant and on the West by Campbells River and purchased by me from my late father John Smith And also all those six hundred and forty acres of land more or less And also all those other six hundred and forty acres of land more or less And also all those other six hundred "and forty" acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Kings Plains in the District of Bathurst County of Bathurst and Colony aforesaid and which said three pieces or parcels of land are bounded on the South by Lamberts Grant on the North by Orrs Grant on the West by Church Land and now in the occupation of the said Robert McPhillamy And also all those eight hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District of Bathurst County of Roxburgh and Colony aforesaid Known as "Resdown" bounded on the north by Saltram on the South by Allomay Bank and on the West by the Macquarie River purchased by me from Mr John Piper and now in my occupation And also all those one thousand two hundred and six acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Belliwingla in the District of Bathurst County of Roxburgh and Colony aforesaid now in the occupation of William Gall and Known as Bellewellingla bounded on the West by the Macquarie River and on the other three sides by Government Land And also all those two thousand five hundred and sixty acres of land more or less situate lying and being at ——— in the District of ——— County of ——— and Colony aforesaid known as Ryders Grant and now in the occupation of Timothy Sullivan bounded on the East by Ploughmans Creek on the west by Molong Creek purchased by me from Major Bowler And also all those fifty one acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Neiorea aforesaid now in my occupation bounded on the east by the Bell River on the other three sides by Government land and which said fifty one acres of land were purchased by me from the Government Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said pieces or parcels of land erected and being or in any wise appertaining thereto unto and to the use of the said Robert McPhillamy of Glenesk aforesaid his heirs and assigns forever I give and devise All those one thousand two hundred and seventy acres of land more or less And also all those six hundred and forty acres of land more or less And also all those other six hundred and forty acres of land more or less And also all those other six hundred and forty acres of land more or less And also all those three hundred and eighty acres of land more or less And also all those seven hundred and ninety acres of land more or less And also all those six hundred and eighty acres of land more or less All which said last mentioned "six" pieces or parcels of land are situate lying and being at Peppers Creek in the District of Bathurst County of Bathurst and Colony aforesaid and now in my occupation and which said last mentioned six pieces or parcels of land are bounded on the West by Peppers Creek on the east by part of Campbells River and by the late Thomas Arkells land on the South by Church and School land and on the north by Foster Valley property and also those three hundred and twenty acres of land more or less And also all those six hundred and eighty four acres of land more or less And also all those other six hundred and eight four acres of land more or less which said last mentioned three pieces or parcels of land are situate lying and being at Fosters Valley in the District of Bathurst County of Bathurst and Colony aforesaid and now in the occupation of Joseph Lewis and which said three last mentioned pieces or parcels of land are more particularly mentioned and described in a certain Deed of Gift made by me to the said Charles McPhillamy at the time of his marriage and also all those eight hundred and sixty eight acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Neiorea aforesaid in the Colony aforesaid and now in the occupation of the said Charles McPhillamy and which said last mentioned piece or parcel of land was also made over by me to the said Charles McPhillamy at the time of his marriage And also all those six hundred and forty acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Kings Plains aforesaid bounded on the South by McConollier's land on the West by the Kings Plains Creek and on the north and east by Government land which said piece or parcel of land was purchased by me from the lat James Blackett And also all those six hundred and forty acres of land more or less And also all those other six hundred and forty acres of land more or less which said last mentioned three pieces or parcels of land are situate lying and being at Kings Plains aforesaid County and Colony aforesaid and now in the occupation of T Sullivan all which said three last mention pieces or parcels of land are bounded on the North by Stirlings Grant on the South by Orrs Grant on the West by Government land and on the East by Victoria Town And also all those one thousand two hundred and eighty acres of land more or less situated lying and being at Fitz Geralds Swamp in the County of Bathurst aforesaid and Colony aforesaid and now in the occupation of James Jardine and Known as "Storrford" which said piece or parcel of land is bounded on the North by Johnson and on the other three sides by Government land together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said pieces of parcels of land erected and being or in any wise appertaining thereto unto and to the use of the said Charles McPhillamy his heirs and assigns forever I give and devise all those six hundred and forty eight acres of land more or less And also all those six hundred and forty acres of land more or less which said two pieces or parcels of land are situate lying and being at Neiorea aforesaid in the Colony aforesaid and now in my occupation bounded on the north by the nine hundred and seven acres of land before mentioned and devised to the said Robert McPhillamy on the South by eight hundred and sixty eight acres of land devised to the said Charles McPhillamy and on the West by the Bell River which said piece or parcel of land and purchased by me from the Crown And also all those two thousand five hundred and sixty acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Kings Plains aforesaid in the District and Colony aforesaid now in the occupation of T Sullivan and Known as Stirlings Grant bounded on the north by Corse's Grant on the South by the three sections of land before mentioned and devised to the said Charles McPhillamy and on the east and west by Government Land And also all those eight hundred and forty three acres of land more or less Known as "Ploughmans Creek: And also all those six hundred and forty acres of land more or less Known as "Campdale" which said two last mentioned pieces or parcels of land are situate lying and being in the District of Orange County of ——— and Colony aforesaid now in the occupation of the said T Sullivan which said two last mention pieces or parcels of land are bounded on the east by the Village of Orange on the West by Ploughmans Creek on the South by Government land and on the north by Mr F Lord's land And also all those six hundred acres or land more or less respectively granted to George lease of Mulgoa And also all those one hundred acres of land more or less granted to one Thomas Millar And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less granted to one ——— Hilton And also all those two hundred acres of land more or less granted to one E Redman And also all those other two hundred acres of land more or less granted to one H Manners all those sixty acres of land more or less also granted to the said E Redman all which said last mentioned seven pieces or parcels of land were purchased by me of Mr C Wentworth Esquire and are respectively situate lying and being in the District of Bathurst County of Roxburgh and Colony aforesaid And also all those three hundred and twenty acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the County and District of Bathurst aforesaid and Colony aforesaid Known as Bella Vicu and which said piece or parcel of land was granted to Mr A Steel now purchased by me from him And also all those one hundred acres of land more or less And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less which said two last mentioned pieces or parcels of land are situate lying and being in the County District and Colony aforesaid and were granted to ——— Rothery and were purchased by me from Mr N MacKenzie bounded on the East by the Macquarie River on the South by Church and School land and on the West by Bella Vicu aforesaid And also all those three hundred and twenty acres of land more or less granted to one William Calfe situate lying and being in the District County and Colony aforesaid bounded on the South by the White Rock property on the North by the Mount Tamar Property on the east by the Macquarie River and on the West by a Government Road And also all those two hundred acres of land more or less granted to one ——— Murray situate lying and being in the District and County of Bathurst aforesaid and Colony aforesaid which said two several last mentioned pieces or parcels of land are Known as the Mount Tamar Property bounded on the South by Calfs grant before mentioned on the East by the Macquarie River on the north by Mr William Lawson's land granted to J B Bettington Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said land erected and being or in any wise appertaining unto and to the use of the said John McPhillamy of Mount Tamar aforesaid his heirs and assigns forever I give and devise unto my said Trustees their heirs and assigns All those one thousand acres of land more or less And also all those eight hundred and twenty acres of land more or less respectively Known as Bogee situate lying and being in the County of Roxburgh and Colony aforesaid now in the occupation of the said James McPhillamy which said two last mentioned pieces or parcels of land were purchased by me from Mr Charles Marsden together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said land erected and being or in any wise appertaining In trust to pay the rents issues and profits of the said two last mentioned pieces or parcels of land to Elizabeth the wife of the said John Joseph Ashe during the term of her natural life for her sole and separate use and benefit And from and after the decease of the said Elizabeth Ashe I direct my said Trustees to convey the said two pieces or parcels of land to such person or persons as the said Elizabeth Ashe shall by any deed "or deeds" under her hand and seal and property attested or by her last Will and Testament direct and appoint and in default of any such direction and appointment then I direct that my said Trustees shall convey and assure the said two last mentioned pieces or parcels of land to the use of the said John Joseph Ashe his heirs and assigns forever Provided always that if the said John Joseph Ashe shall die before his said wife then I direct my said Trustees after the decease of the said Elizabeth Ashe and in default of any such direction or appointment as aforesaid by the said Elizabeth Ashe To hold the said two last mentioned pieces or parcels of land In trust for all the children of the said John Joseph Ashe and Elizabeth Ashe as tenants in common and not as joint tenants I give and devise unto my said Trustees their heirs and assigns All those five hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being at Mitchells Plains in the District of Bathurst and County of Westmoreland and Colony aforesaid bounded on the north and South by William Lawsons landon the West by Campbells River on the East by ——— purchased by me from the last Reverend Henry Hilton and now in the occupation of ——— Sweetman Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said land erected and being or in any wise appertaining In trust to convey the same to Robert Ashe son of the said John Joseph Ashe and Elizabeth Ashe his wife whom and so soon as the said Robert Ashe shall have attained the age of twenty one years I give and devise unto my said Trustees their heirs and assigns All those one hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District of Bathurst County of Roxburgh and Colony aforesaid And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District County and Colony aforesaid And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District County and Colony aforesaid which said last mentioned three pieces or parcels of land are bounded on the North by Spicers Grant on the South by Thompsons Grant on the east by me own land on the West by the Macquarie River now in the occupation of James Walton and which three said pieces o parcels of land were purchased by me from Mr C Wentworth Esquire Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said land erected and being or in any wise appertaining In trust to convey the same to Charles Ashe son of the said John Joseph Ashe and Elizabeth his wife when and so soon as the said Charles Ashe shall have attained the age of twenty one years I give and devise unto my said Trustees their heirs and assigns All those one hundred acres of land more or less And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District of Bathurst aforesaid County of Roxburgh and Colony aforesaid and which said last mentioned five pieces or parcels of land are bounded on the West and South by the Macquarie River on the East by a Government Reserve and on the South by part of Spicers Grant which said five pieces or parcels of land were also purchased by me from the said Mr C Wentworth and are now in the occupation of James Barker Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said pieces or parcels of land erected and being or in any wise appertaining In trust to convey the same to Thomas Ashe son of the said John Joseph Ashe and Elizabeth his wife when and so soon as the said Thomas Ashe shall have attained the age of twenty one years I give and devise unto my said Trustees their heirs and assigns All those three hundred and twenty acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the District and County of Bathurst and Colony aforesaid purchased by me from mr N McKenzie Known as the White Rock and now in the occupation of the said John Joseph Ashe which said last mentioned piece or parcel of land is bounded on the east by the Macquarie River on the North by Calf's grant on the South by William Lawsons land and on the West by a Government Road Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said land erected and being or in any wise appertaining In trust to convey the same to John Ashe son of the said John Joseph Ashe and Elizabeth his wife when and so soon as the said John Ashe shall have attained the age of twenty one years And I do hereby direct that it shall and may be lawful for my said Trustees for the time being at his or their discretion to apply the whole or any part of the annual rents issues and profits if any of the lands hereditaments and premises hereinbefore respectively devised to my said Trustees In trust for the said Robert Ashe Charles Ashe Thomas Ashe and John Ashe in and towards the maintenance clothing and education of the said Robert Ashe Charles Ashe Thomas Ashe and John Ashe respectively and after such application as last aforesaid my said Trustees or Trustees for the time being shall invest the surplus (if any) of the said rents issues and profits for the benefit of the children and respectively entitled to the real estate from where such rents issues and profits may arise respectively Provided always that in case of the death of the said Robert Ashe Charles Ashe Thomas Ashe or John Ashe or any of them before attaining the age of twenty one years then and in such case my said Trustees shall hold the said lands hereditaments and premises hereinbefore respectively devised In trust for the survivor of the said Robert Ashe Charles Ashe Thomas Ashe and John Ashe as tenants in common and not as joint tenants and in case of one only surviving and attaining the age of twenty one years then in trust for that survivor his heirs and assigns forever together with the rents issues and profits thereof I give and devise All those one hundred acres of land more or less granted to myself situate lying and being in the County of Cumberland and Colony aforesaid bounded on the West by the Windsor road and on the South by Kellys land And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the County of Cumberland and Colony aforesaid bounded on the East by the last mentioned one hundred acres of land and which land was granted to my late father John Smith And also all those other one hundred acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the County of Cumberland and Colony aforesaid bounded by Mary Serjeants grant and which said land was granted to one Thomas Gorman and purchased by me And also all those sixty acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the County of Cumberland aforesaid and Colony aforesaid bounded in the West and South by the Windsor road granted to one Mary Serjeant And also all those thirty acres of land more or less situate lying and being in the Parish of Castle Hill in the County of Cumberland aforesaid and Colony aforesaid bounded on the South by Middletons Grant and on the other sides by Government land granted to one Joseph Senaton which said last mentioned five several pieces or parcels of land are now in the occupation of the said William Smith Together with all messuages tenements outhouses buildings and premises on the said pieces or parcels of land erected and being or in any wise appertaining unto and to the use of my sole brother William Smith his heirs and assigns forever And as to all the rest residue and remainder of my real estate wheresoever the same may be situate together with all houses and buildings erected and being thereupon I give and devise the same unto the said Robert McPhillamy Charles McPhillamy John McPhillamy and Elizabeth Ashe equally between them their heirs and assigns for ever share and share alike as tenants in common and not as joint tenants And as to all the rest residue and remainder of my personal estate of whatsoever kind and wheresoever situate I give devise and bequeath one fourth part or share of the same to the said Robert McPhillamy his executors administrators and assigns one other fourth part or share to the said Charles McPhillamy his executors administrators and assigns and one other fourth part of share to John McPhillamy his executors administrators and assigns and the remaining fourth part of share to the said Elizabeth wife of the said John Joseph Ashe her executors administrators and assigns And I give devise and bequeath all and every the messuages and tenements lands and hereditaments whatsoever whereof or wherein I have or am entitled to any estate of freehold of inheritance by virtue of any mortgage or mortgages unto and to the use of my said Trustees their heirs and assigns to the end and intent that they may reconvey the same upon payment of the principal sums of money and interest thereby respectively secured or exercise andy power of sale or otherwise as in the deed or deeds of the said mortgage or mortgages is or are contained And I direct that the monies arising from the said mortgage or mortgages shall be considered as part and parcel of my residuary personal estate Provided always and I hereby declare that if the Trustees hereinbefore appointed under this my Will or any Trustees hereinafter appointed shall die or decline or become incapable or unwilling to act in the trusts aforesaid or shall be absent from the said Colony for twelve calendar months then and in every such case it shall be lawful for the surviving and continuing Trustees or Trustee to appoint by deed under their or his hand and seal or their hands and seals to be attested by two or more credible witnesses any other fit and proper person or persons to be Trustee or Trustees in the place or stead of such Trustee or Trustees so dying or declining or becoming incapable or unwilling to act in the trusts aforesaid or being absent from the Colony for twelve calendar months as aforesaid And as often as any new Trustee or Trustees shall be nominated and appointed as aforesaid all the trusts estates and premises as shall be then noted under this my Will shall be respectively conveyed assured and transferred in such manner that the same may be legally and effectually vested in the person or persons so appointed as aforesaid either solely or jointly with surviving or continuing Trustee or trustees as the case may be or required Upon the trusts and to and for the uses intents and purposes hereinbefore expressed and declared or such of them as shall be then subsisting and capable of taking effect and the person or persons appointed as aforesaid shall have and be entitled to exercise the same powers and authorities as if they had been appointed Trustee or Trustees by this my last Will And I do hereby declare that the receipt or receipts of the said Trustees hereinbefore appointed of such Trustee or Trustees as may hereafter be appointed as aforesaid shall be good and valid discharges for the sum or sums of money mentioned therein and that it shall not be necessary for any purchaser or purchasers mortgagor or mortgagors not shall he or they be bound to see nor be in any responsible or answerable to any person or persons whomsoever for the application non application or misapplication of the said sum or sums of money or any part or parts thereof And I do hereby further will and declare that the Trustees hereby appointed or any "or any" Trustee or Trustees to be hereafter appointed by virtue of this my Will shall not be charged or chargeable with or for any sum or sums of money other than what he or they shall respectively actually receive by virtue of the trusts in them hereby reposed notwithstanding they or any of them shall join in any receipt or receipts for the sake of conformity And that one of them shall not be answerable or accountable for the other of them or for their receipts neglects and defaults And it shall be lawful for them with and out of the monies which shall come to their respective hands by virtue of the trusts aforesaid to retain to any reimburse himself or themselves respectively and to allow to his or their Trustee or co-trustees all such costs charges and expenses as they or any of them shall or may respectively sustain expend or be put to in or about the execution of the trusts in them hereby reposed or in any wise relating thereto And I hereby revoke all former and other Wills and Codicils by me at any time heretofore made and I declare this to be my last Will and Testament In witness whereof I the said Robert Smith to the first nine pages hereof set my hand and to this last page my hand and seal at Bathurst in the Colony of New South Wales this second day of September in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty one

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Note:  The Neurie land ("nine hundred and seven acres of land (more or less) situate lying and being at "Nurea" in the District of Wellington and Colony aforesaid bounded on the north by Government Land on the west by the Bell River on the south by six hundred and forty eight acres of land which I have devised to John McPhillamy on the East by six hundred and forty acres of land which I have also devised to the said John McPhillamy and which piece or parcel of land is now in the occupation of myself ...") indicates a large amount of land in curious proximity to the property Narroogal (Narragal Park) operated by another John Smith for owner John Maxwell.   Indeed Robert Smith and John Maxwell were in a land dispute over the boundaries of Narroogal not long before Robert's death - whence Robert's  Nurea property must have been immediately adjoining it to Narroogal on the north (The Sydney Morning Herald, 17 July 1849, page 3). 

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1870 RUNS OF CROWN LANDS - RENTS.

Appraised rental for Runs under the Crown Lands Occupation Act of 1861.
[Government Gazette, 31 October, 1870, pp.2415-2422.]

Appraised rental for Runs under the Crown Lands Occupation Act of 1861.
[Government Gazette, 31 October, 1870, pp.2415-2422.]
  Wellington District.

Bald Hills or Mondadgerry - John SMITH; £18-15-0.
Bilabung - C. McPHILLAMY & T. A. SMITH; £37.
Boree Nyrang - John SMITH; £20.
Boreenore - J. SMITH; £10.
Boree Cabonne - John SMITH; £12-10-0.
Delga - J. McPHILLAMY; £30.
Draggy - John McPHILLAMY; £40.
Gamboola - John SMITH; £15-10-0.
Nooary - Robert McPHILLAMY; £10.
The Oaks - John McPHILLAMY; £41.
Yama - Charles McPHILLAMY; £41.
______________________________________________________________

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Researcher Dan Catchpole found James McKeown listed to Samuel Marsden in the 1825 Muster(?).  He also found a map of John Smith's (Robert Smith's dad) property at South Creek – which is right next door to an extensive piece of land owned by Samuel Marsden, which is also listed on the map. This area is at the 'Windsor' end of South Creek.   At a Windsor trial on 30 September 1826, a James McKewen was charged with insolence and insubordination. This was a case arising out of neglect of duty.  When spoken to in a very becoming manner and asked how it happened that he remained so long at Windsor whither he had been sent on business he replied "I have come back time enough". When ordered to go to certain labour allotted to him he was about to beat his mistress with the frying pan. The prisoner is an ungrateful fellow into the bargain, as both master and mistress had defended him against the ill treatment of a neighbouring free man,  Sentence: 11 days solitary confinement. (The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, 7 October 1826.  A James McKeown obtained his Certificate of Freedom on 2 May 1831 (Sydney Morning Herald, 1831).

McKeown seemingly went west over the Blue Mountains to the Bathurst region.   According to his researcher Dan Catchpole, records show that he was tried for “Horse stealing” in Bathurst Quarter Sessions on 28th November 1836.   Dan thinks the records for that date may have been lost (28th November 1836 was the first trial date for a ‘new and improved’ court system in Bathurst.  Prior to that Bathurst was a local court system, but then became more of a district/regional system.  The system of records changed.  As McKeown was tried on the first sitting of this new court system the record keeping was not yet well established and the records for that trial date appear to be unfindable).

He was an earlier known ‘pest of Bathurst’ apparently (this started in 1827-1830).  After his 1836 trial (presumably) he was sent to Morton Bay for some years of hard labour [There is also a record of him stealing sheep – heard at the Sydney Quarter Sessions].  (Some records for this can be found online at the Tasmania Archive search portal.) 

 

Various other Jenolan ?"myths"/stories

James McKeown is the paramount story on Jenolan that people have struggled to "get to the bottom of".

But there are plenty of other myths/legends at Jenolan which may or may not be true.

Guide Rob White who is guide mainly given credit for the development of a "Ghost Tour" at Jenolan, can supply detail of collected ghost stories - or see Bob's collection of anecdotes at http://members.optusnet.com.au/rawhyte/pdfs/The%20Jenolan%20Ghost%20Tour.pdf 

This shadowy figure in cave is presumably diprotodonid?.

One legend/tale that has been dispelled concerns whether there is any cache at Jenolan of robbers' gold - "Jenolan gold?"    This one probably stems from a misunderstanding concerning the 'bush ranger' or bush marauder known as Slippery Jack (see below).

Other ?myths are that the extinct Tylacine still lives in the Jenolan district, e.g. 

""""""" My dad has said for years that there were Thylacine in the Jenolan Mountains as he saw them all the time but wouldn’t tell anyone where because 'what is the use of telling someone as they will destroy the habitat that they have been hiding in for years trying to find them and then kill them off to prove they weren’t extinct'.   I agree. (Lea Holland 2009).   On the night of Friday 7th August 2009, while in Canberra, I met Mr Dan Cove, manager of the Jenolan Trust. I relayed Lea’s sighting to him.  He replied that he had heard of sightings by other reliable sources in the last few years - not at Jenolan but in nearby wilderness areas."
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Thylacines are dog-like.  One of the ghost stories also relates to a dog.   Every now and then a dog is sighted in the car park (Cambridge car park).  As Jenolan is a nature reserve, someone is called to remove the dog but it always disappears before the ranger arrives.  On the nights that the dog has been sighted, strange occurrences have also happened in the dinning room.  No-one associated the two occurrences until a photo of Miss Chisolm was found, and beside her, in the photo, the dog.   Or is the "dog" a thylacine :-)

For the thylacines certainly did once live at Jenolan - remains have been found in the caves.    It is known that "something" ?scary in the bush does, or did, exist in the area (on the Kanangra Boyd tableland between Jenolan and Kanangra Walls) which stockman dogs would bark at but not approach or 'go after'.  Such dog reluctance to enter bush and approach said (unseen) animal was presumably out of fear?   Presumably such non-encounters are more likely to relate to the dingo than to the thylacine(?) [or dinosaur presence].   

Rex Gilroy ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rex_Gilroy ) has claimed that dinosaurs are still living in this area (he found 'dinosaur' footprints).   Rex also reported finding remains of ancient civilisation.   Rex opened a small museum at Mount York at the age of 21 and later on had his collection at Katoomba.  Rex spent a lifetime writing on 'fringe phenomena' of all sorts.  The fringe archaeology he created, later taken up by many others, claimed that variius ancient Phoenicians/Egyptians  established many colonies in Queensland and New South Wales.  He also began the (unorthodox) ideas that humans first evolved in Australia and he promoted finds of "Bathurst Man" (based on finds of 'fossils' which experts do not even accept as being fossils).  Rex also wrote about the Blue Mountains to Burragorang area being an underground base for UFOs and that the restricted water catchment area is actually a cover for a top secret US/Australian underground military installation, etc.  Rex has published many books and articles on such things.

[NOT re Jenolan]  Slippery Jack -  Reports of a bushranger taken at 'Jenolan' (Genowlan) have sometimes been confused with Jenolan Caves, leading to a small myth of 'Jenolan gold' possibility.   However this is groundless and is based on a confusion of Jenolan Caves with a similarly named mountain near Capertee.  Slippery Jack was someone who for a time ranged in the bush, or was a bush marauder, and who was mistaken in the 21st century as another bushranger (besides McKeown) who was captured at Jenolan Caves.  Contemporary newspaper reports have it that he was shot and captured at 'Jenolan Mountain'.  This was in 1896 - the "notorious" Slippery Jack – a Spanish bushranger who was at large after coming to Sydney from New Caledonia.  Police shot him in the Jenolan Mountains where apparently he had lodged himself in the caves ( http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/8902992 ).  This man had been  apprehended at the 'other' Jenolan, near Capertee and just east of Airly.   Slippery's real name was given as Jean Lefung and he was aged about 50 when captured.  He had been robbing the tents of fossickers in the Turon goldfield for years.  After capture in July 1896 he was charged with many counts of theft and also with having three years earlier fired at Seargent Wright.  Some of the robberies in 1895 were at "Palmers Oakey".  He was robbing miners' huts/camps whilst they were absent of a day working their claims.  His earliest known offence is that in April 1893 he stole a double barrelled breach-loading shotgun, cartridge belt, trousers, shirt and other clothing and a quantity of provisions from Jude Kemp then farming at Eusdale Creek near Meadow Flat.

In the NZ Daily Telegraph http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=DTN18960303.2.39&l=mi&e=-------10--1----0-- ) it stated about Slippery Jack that his 'cavern' was found via smoke rising from it, which enabled settlers to locate his lair.   Then the police made a "raid on the gunyah" which this account says was "built of poles covered with brushwood, entirely shutting out the view from any distance" (perhaps a sandstone shelter add-on?).  The police "made a rush on the gunyah" but "The bushranger assailed the police with stones".   He escaped and that night robbed another digger's hut of evertything.   The police must have found and shot him again somewhere else not long after that.  One of the most informative accounts of the capture is in the Bathurst Free Press 25th May 1896.  In a later book "Ghosts of the Goldfields" it was recorded that a detective (Roseby) uncovered information about Slippery having being a murderer back in New Caledonia, by sharing a cell with him at Berrima where he was imprisoned.  And that he was then shipped back to New Caledonia, in a cage because of his refractory nature; and there he was executed.  But if that were true it is likely his passage through Sydney would have been noted by newspapers.  Also there is a record of his imprisonment in Bathurst including an extra sentence for attacking another prisoner.   There is also an old tale of "a gold stash" at Jenolan.  That does not sound likely for Jenolan Caves but would seem a more feasible legend to have arisen for Slippery's Jenolan/Genowlan area.

 

RELATED WEBPAGES

http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5737284/ted-matthews-jenolan.htm - Focus on geology.