Show individual charters
Show matching charters
Search in charters
KWIC concordance
Criteria for second word
Criteria for third word
Uni- bi- and trigram viewer
First term
Second term
Third term
Fourth term
Fifth term

IOCO – Icelandic Original Charters Online (Beta version)

NB: This Beta version has only been tested in Chrome/Chromium and Firefox. It should work in other W3C-compliant browsers. It does not work in Internet Explorer. If you use the latter, please switch to a standard compliant browser.

You need a MUFI compatible font to view this page. The free Junicode Font is recommended.

About the project

This digital edition of the oldest Icelandic original charters (IOCO) is a result of the research project Middelalderdiplomer – i en digital tid, an ongoing three-year postdoctoral project funded partly by the Danish Council for Independent Research | Culture and Communication (two years) and partly by Department of Nordic Research, University of Copenhagen (one year).

About this beta version

This is a preliminary beta version of IOCO. Not all functionality is implemented, and the corpus comprises approximately 10 % of the final corpus. It is a work in progress, and things will occasionally break.

The final corpus will be made available ultimo 2015.

About the edition

The annotation

The underlying annotation or markup is of the following kind:

Overview of the tabs

The Home tab

The information you are reading.

The Individual Charters tab

In this tab you can specify which charter to read and the level of text transcription.

When you click the button Show charter, the charter is presented with the chosen level of transcription along with an image of the charter. When you hover over the image, a virtual magnifying glass will appear (zoomable with the scroll wheel).

Above the transcription you find a (collapsed) section with meta data, which can be expanded (and collapsed) by clicking the Toggle metadata heading.

In the transcription some words might appear with a dotted red line below the base line. Such words have notes attached which can be read by hovering over the word in question.

You can also click the individual words (not just words with notes attached), and a new window will appear. In this you find a presentation of the linguistic data and the individual levels of transcription for the word in question along with an image of the word and a link to the lemma in Fritzner’s dictionary of Old Norse. (The linking is done automatically and does not always work. This will be refined in a later version). If a note is attached to the word, the note will also be presented.

Below the transcription another form appears allowing for the generation of frequency lists for the word forms on the individual levels of transcription, for lemmata and for part-of-speech tags.

You can even generate a frequency list for the individual characters and for combinations of characters.

If you are interested in orthographic aspects you can generate mappings between characters and the phonemes of the phonological reference system, both from a grapho-ponemic and a phono-graphemic point of view. In both cases you are presented with a count of all mappings and a list of all word forms containing that particular mapping.

From the same form an alphabetised and grammatically ordered word index of all word forms found in the charter in question can be generated.

Finally, information about the persons and places can be generated. When you click the button Show names, the names in question (persons and/or places) will be highlighted in the transcription. Below the form you will see a list of the names (in normalised form). You will also find expandable sections with links to other occurrences of names in the entire corpus and a listing of how the names are manifested elsewhere in the corpus.

In the case of place names you can choose to have them shown on a digital map, both the individual places and all places occurring in the charter (along with the place of issue).

The Matching Charters tab

This tab enables you to see all charters matching certain criteria. You can narrow down the result by specifying a certain period, a range of charter numbers, the place of issue, the collection in which the charters are kept and the shelf mark.

By ticking off Add more criteria you can narrow down the result further by specifying names of persons and places that should or should not appear in the charters and by specifying the scribe.

When you click the Show button the charters matching the given criteria will be presented on the chosen level of transcription.

You can then generate a word index, a grapho-phonemic mapping and/or a phono-graphemic mapping for the given charters.

The transcriptions have the same features as described in the previous section. You can e.g. click a word and get additional information about it presented in a separate window.

The Search tab

In the Search tab you can make advanced searches in the corpus. You can search either literally or with more powerful regular expressions (default). When searching with regular expressions, the search is not limited to whole words. If you want your search string to be considered to be one (entire) word, you have to surround it with ‘^’ (in front) and ‘$’ (after). E.g., if you want to search for ‘haf’, and you don’t want to match e.g. ‘hafa’, you have to write ‘^haf$’ (without the quotes).

You can specify the search level and the level of transcription (used for the rendering of the word forms).

You can narrow down the result by the same criteria as mentioned in the previous section on Matching Charters. In addition to these criteria you can specify a specific grapho-phonemic and/or phono-graphemic mapping which should occur in the word forms in question.

You can choose to have the results presented as a frequency list or as actual hit words. In the latter case you will be presented with an alphabetised list of all word forms matching the given criteria in tabular form with links to the charter in which the word form appears along with an image of the word form. When you click the charter link, the charter will appear in a separate window with the given form highlighted in the transcription.

The KWIC Concordance tab

In this tab you can search (with regular expressions) for any combination of features occurring on the different levels of transcription, lemma and PoS. Please notice that the search is not limited to whole words. If you want your search string to be considered to be one (entire) word, you have to surround it with ‘^’ (in front) and ‘$’ (after). E.g., if you want to search for ‘haf’ and you don’t want to match e.g. ‘hafa’, you have to write ‘^haf$’ (without the quotes).

You can narrow down the result by specifying the size of the context surrounding the word (one to eight words to the left and right), the period, the charter number, the scribe and a certain grapho-phonemic and/or phono-graphemic mapping.

You can choose the level of transcription (used for the rendering of the KWIC concordance) and the sorting (chronologically or according to left context, right context, the hit word or the place of issue).

By ticking off Second word (and possibly) Third word you can narrow down the result further by specifying which words should appear in a given distance to the left and/or right from the hit word. This is e.g. useful when looking for specific phrases.

The N-gram Viewer tab

In this tab you can search for uni- bi- and trigrams. You can search (with regular expressions) for any combination of features occurring on the different levels of transcription, lemma and PoS. Please notice that the search is not limited to whole words (cf. above).

You can narrow down the result by specifying a certain grapho-phonemic and/or phono-graphemic mapping.

Some technical facts

The edition is written as a single page javascript application, and it only relies on external scripts (libraries) to a very limited extent. Almost everything is written from scratch in simple javascript, and everything is executed on the client.

The edition basically consists of a single html file, a css file and two javascript files — one contains the corpus as a single array (of nested arrays), the other contains all the programming functionality.

Apart from the digital maps and the linking to external dictionaries (Fritzner’s dictionary of Old Norse at the time of writing) everything works offline once the data have been downloaded.

Contact

Alex Speed Kjeldsen
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136, Bygning 27, 2. sal
DK-2300 København S
alex@hum.ku.dk

Downloading and initialising the corpus ...
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Statistics: word forms, PoS, characters, names

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ǫ Ǫ &isup; &osup; &bar; &er;
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