Defense Statecraft (DIP 750)
Dr. Robert M. Farley
Office: Patterson 1177
Office Hours: Tuesday, 10-12am
Office Telephone: 859-257-4668
Military organizations are complex tools of statecraft. This course examines the role that military force plays in U.S. foreign policy, and the capacity of the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines to execute that policy. We will also study the administrative, budget, and procurement aspects of defense policy. Students should expect to gain familiarity with the key military policy issues that confront government officials, and to become able to evaluate the claims of journalists and advocacy organizations that confront informed American opinion.
Student discussion will take up the bulk of class time. I expect everyone to attend, have studied the readings, and have a familiarity with current events. Any major reputable newspaper will suffice for the latter, although I prefer the New York Times.
Student Learning Outcomes:
After completing the course,
Per university policy, students shall not plagiarize, cheat, or falsify or misuse academic records. Students are expected to adhere to University policy on cheating and plagiarism in all courses. The minimum penalty for a first offense is a zero on the assignment on which the offense occurred. If the offense is considered severe or the student has other academic offenses on their record, more serious penalties, up to suspension from the university may be imposed.
Plagiarism and cheating are serious breaches of academic conduct. Each student is advised to become familiar with the various forms of academic dishonesty as explained in the Code of Student Rights and Responsibilities. Complete information can be found at the following website: http://www.uky.edu/Ombud. A plea of ignorance is not acceptable as a defense against the charge of academic dishonesty. It is important that you review this information as all ideas borrowed from others need to be properly credited.
Plagiarism includes reproducing someone else’s work, whether it be a published article, chapter of a book, a paper from a friend or some file, or something similar to this. Plagiarism also includes the practice of employing or allowing another person to alter or revise the work which a student submits as his/her own, whoever that other person may be. Students may discuss assignments among themselves or with an instructor or tutor, but when the actual work is done, it must be done by the student, and the student alone. However, nothing in these Rules shall apply to those ideas which are so generally and freely circulated as to be a part of the public domain (Section 6.3.1).
Grading will be based on class participation (20%), class blog participation (10%), and three 4-6 page memos (15% each) and one final examination (25%). All work will be graded on an A (4), A- (3.7), B+ (3.3), B (3), B- (2.7) and so forth scale. Final grades above 3.5 will be awarded an A, between 2.7 and 3.5 a B, and below 2.7 a C or lower.
Each student is required to post at least once to the class blog, defensestatecraft.blogspot.com, in each of five weeks (at least five total posts) during the course of the semester. The idea of the blog is to promote serious discussions of the readings and of current events tied to military statecraft. I will monitor blog postings and assign a grade based on quantity and quality of participation. Postings should specifically integrate the material from class readings and extend class debates.
Each of the three 4-6 page memos must be typed and double-spaced. Please do not exceed the page limit. The point of the assignment is to present information in a cogent and concise manner. The topic is up to you, but ideally will concern the convergence of a current event or situation with assigned reading from the class day in question. Memos are due at the beginning of class on the day of the relevant reading. You will be expected to turn in one memo during each third of the course. Thus, the last day for turning in your first memo is February 17, and the first day for turning in your last memo is April 7. The memos will be evaluated on both content and presentation. Accurate information, well-thought out arguments, and compelling style win the day.
You will be required to make an oral presentation and defense of one memo during class. You must indicate to me a preference for which week to present by the second week of the course, such that I can stagger presentations. The presentation should last about fifteen minutes, and will be followed by a fifteen minute question and answer period. The presentation will make up 50% of your participation grade, or 10% of the total grade.
The final exam will be held on Thursday, May 7 at 10:30am. It will mimic the format of a minor field exam, and can be conducted remotely.
Purchase of the following books is recommended, but not required.
The rest of the class readings are either online or will be made available by the professor. The latter are designated by italics.
Week 1: January 20 War, Politics, and Coercion Revisited
O’Hanlon, Chapter 3
O’Hanlon, Chapter 4
Week 2: January 27 Law and Justice in War
Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars
Week 3: February 3 Conventional Ground Combat
Stephen Biddle, Military Power; 1-107, 132-149.
E.D. Swinton, The Defence of Duffer’s Drift in Burgoyne, Defense of Jisr al-Doreaa Michael Eisenstadt and Kenneth M. Pollack, “Armies of Snow and Armies of Sand: The Impact of Soviet Military Doctrine on Arab Militaries,” Middle East Journal Vol. 55, No. 4 (Autumn, 2001), pp. 549-578
Week 4: February 10 COIN
Michael L. Burgoyne, Defense of Jisr al-Doreaa
Week 5: February 17 Special Operations
Week 6: February 24 Naval Warfare
Week 7: March 3 Air Warfare
Colin Gray, Airpower for Strategic Effect
Week 8: March 10 Nuclear Weapons
Lawrence Freedman, “The First Two Generations of Nuclear Strategists,” in Peter Paret ed. Makers of Modern Strategy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987; 735-778.
Week 9: March 24 Cyberwarfare
P.W. Singer, Cybersecurity and Cyberwar
Week 10: March 31 Robotics
Peter W. Singer, The Robotics Revolution
Jane Mayer, “The Predator War: What Are the Risks of the C.I.A.’s Covert Drone Program?” New Yorker, October 26, 2009.
Micha Zenko, Lethal Drones
Denis Stairs, Drone Proliferation
Scott Shane, Mark Mazetti, and Robert F. Worth, “Secret Assault on Terrorism Widens on Two Continents,” New York Times, August 14, 2010.
Jo Becker and Scott Shane, “Secret ‘Kill List’ Proves a Test of Obama’s Principles and Will,” New York Times, May 29, 2012.
Greg Miller, “Plan for Hunting Terrorists Signals U.S. Intends to Keep Adding Names to Kill Lists,” Washington Post, October 23, 2012.
Week 11: April 7 Private Military Firms
P. W. Singer, Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry, 3-150.
Week 12: April 14 The Services and Interservice Rivalry
Week 13: April 21 The Defense Budget
Michael O’Hanlon, Chapter 1
Week 14: April 28 The Defense Industry