DIP 742: National Security Policy
Fall 2016
Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce
Tuesday 1pm-3:30pm
420 Patterson Office Tower

Dr. Robert M. Farley
Office: POT 1177
Office Hours: Monday, 9:30-11:30am
Office Telephone: 859-257-4668
E-mail: farls0@gmail.com
Introduction
Welcome to DIP 742, National Security Policy.  The goal of this course is to provide students with a foundation in the major debates on national security policy.  In the first third of the course we will study some of the great works on national security, as well as commentaries on those works.  The second third of the course focuses on contemporary policy debates in the United States on grand strategy and national security.  The final third examines the policy process and focuses on specific national security problems facing the United States.
Format
Discussion will take up the bulk of class time.  I expect everyone to attend, have studied the readings, and have a familiarity with current events.  Any major reputable newspaper will suffice for the latter, although I prefer the New York Times.
Student Learning Outcomes:
After completing the course,

 Students with Disabilities
If you have a documented disability that requires academic accommodations, please see me as soon as possible during scheduled office hours.  In order to receive accommodations in this course, you must provide me with a Letter of Accommodation from the Disability Resource Center (2 Alumni Gym, 257-2754, email address jkarnes@email.uky.edu) for coordination of campus disability services available to students with disabilities.


Absence Policy
You must inform me in writing if you know in advance that you will miss an exam due to an excused reason such as: illness, serious illness or death in your immediate family, a University-sanctioned field trip, or religious holiday.  Excuses for missed exams will be granted as per University policy.


Academic Integrity
Per university policy, students shall not plagiarize, cheat, or falsify or misuse academic records. Students are expected to adhere to University policy on cheating and plagiarism in all courses.  The minimum penalty for a first offense is a zero on the assignment on which the offense occurred.  If the offense is considered severe or the student has other academic offenses on their record, more serious penalties, up to suspension from the university may be imposed. 

Plagiarism and cheating are serious breaches of academic conduct.  Each student is advised to become familiar with the various forms of academic dishonesty as explained in the Code of Student Rights and Responsibilities.  Complete information can be found at the following website: http://www.uky.edu/Ombud. A plea of ignorance is not acceptable as a defense against the charge of academic dishonesty. It is important that you review this information as all ideas borrowed from others need to be properly credited.

Plagiarism includes reproducing someone else’s work, whether it be a published article, chapter of a book, a paper from a friend or some file, or something similar to this. Plagiarism also includes the practice of employing or allowing another person to alter or revise the work which a student submits as his/her own, whoever that other person may be. Students may discuss assignments among themselves or with an instructor or tutor, but when the actual work is done, it must be done by the student, and the student alone.  However, nothing in these Rules shall apply to those ideas which are so generally and freely circulated as to be a part of the public domain (Section 6.3.1).

Grading
Grading will be based on class participation (20%), class blog participation (10%), three 4-6 page memos (15% each), and one final examination (25%).  Papers will be graded on an A (4), A- (3.7), B+ (3.3), B (3), B- (2.7) and so forth scale.  Final grades above 3.5 will be awarded an A, between 2.7 and 3.5 a B, and below 2.7 a C or lower.
Every student is required to post at least once to the class blog, nationalsecuritypolicy.blogspot.com, in each of five weeks during the course of the semester.  The idea of the blog is to promote serious discussions of the readings and of current events tied to national security. I will monitor blog postings and assign a grade based on quantity and quality of participation. Postings should integrate specific material from class readings and extend class debates, and should range between 300-400 words long.

Each of the three 4-6 page memos must be typed and double-spaced.  Please do not exceed the page limit.  The point of the assignment is to present information in a cogent and concise manner.  The topic is up to you, but ideally will concern the convergence of a current event or situation with assigned reading from the class day in question (if your paper concerns material discussed in week 3, you must turn in the paper on week 3).  Memos are due at the beginning of class on the day of the relevant reading.  You will be expected to turn in one memo during each third of the course.  Thus, the last day for turning in your first memo is September 27, and the first day for turning in your last memo is November 15.  The memos will be evaluated on both content and presentation.  Information must be accurate, arguments must be well thought out, and style must be compelling. 

You will be required to make an oral presentation and defense of one of your three memos during class.  Note that this means you will have to write and turn in a memo on the day of your defense.  The strength of your presentation and defense will contribute to your participation grade.  You must indicate to me a preference for which week to present by the second week of the course so that I can stagger the presentations.  The presentation should last about fifteen minutes, and will be followed by a fifteen minute question and answer period.  The presentation will make up 50% of your participation grade, or 10% of the total grade.
A comprehensive final exam will be held on Tuesday, December 13 at 1pm.  The exam will be communicated and completed electronically; thus, there is no need for you to be in Lexington on that date.  The exam will mimic in structure a minor field comprehensive exam. Yes, second year students ARE required to take the exam. 

Class Materials
Purchase of the following books is recommended, but not required.  These texts are best acquired through Amazon or similar service. Edition is irrelevant.

Most of the rest of the class readings are available online.  A few will be available through photocopies.  Note that many of the online readings are available on JSTOR or other secure databases, which requires either a University computer or a properly configured connection.

Trimester I: Strategic Theory

Week 1, August 30: Values, National Security, and the National Interest

Arnold Wolfers, National Security as an Ambiguous Symbol
David Brin, Thor meets Captain America
Charles Lindblom, The Science of Muddling Through

Week 2, September 6: War, Politics, and Coercion

Arms and Influence (entire)

Week 3, September 13: The Morality of National Security

Just and Unjust Wars (parts I-III)

Week 4, September 20: Origins of American Strategic Thought

George Washington, Farewell Address
Dwight Eisenhower, Farewell Address
George Kennan, The Long Telegram
John Jay, Federalist 4
Week 5, September 27: Theory Into Practice
The Last Warrior, Introduction, chapter one
NSC-68
National Security Strategy, United States (2015) 
Defense Planning Guidance Draft (1992)
Trimester II: Mechanisms

Week 6, October 4: Organizations, Bureaucracy, and Foreign Policy

Graham Allison, The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50
Morton Halperin, The Decision to Deploy the ABM: Bureaucratic and Domestic Politics in the Johnson Administration
National Security Enterprise, Introduction
The Last Warrior, chapters 2-3

Week 7, October 11: The Architecture of the National Security State I
Ashton B. Carter, The Architecture of Government in the Face of Terrorism
Alan G. Whittaker et al, The National Security Policy Process
National Security Enterprise, chapters 1-3
The Last Warrior, chapters 4-5
Week 8, October 18: The Architecture of the National Security State II
National Security Enterprise, chapters 4-6, 10
The Last Warrior, chapters 6-7
Week 9, October 25: Civil Military Relations
American Civil-Military Relations: The Soldier and the State in a New Era (entire)

Week 10, November 1: Outputs
Paul Bracken, Net Assessment: A Practical Guide
Matthew Fay, Rationalizing McNamara’s Legacy
The Last Warrior, chapters 8-9, Conclusion
Michael C. Desch, Don’t Worship at the Altar of Andrew Marshall, National Interest

Trimester III: Inputs

Week 11, November 8: Election Day!

Week 12, November 15: The Courts

National Security Enterprise, chapter 12
John C. Yoo, Judicial Review and the War on Terrorism
Eric Holder, Speech at Northwestern University
Curtis A. Bradley and Trevor Morrison, “Presidential Power, Historical Practice, and Legal Constraint,” Columbia Law Review (May 2013).
Week 13, November 22: The Beltway
National Security Enterprise, chapter 13-15
Eric Lipton and Brooke Williams, How Think Tanks Amplify Corporate America’s Influence
Week 14, November 29: Congress
National Security Enterprise, chapter 11
Friends and Foes: How Congress and the President Really Make Foreign Policy (entire)
Week 15, December 6: Public Opinion
Matthew Baum and Philip Potter, The Relationships Between Mass Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy, Annual Review of Political Science, 2008
Pew Research Foreign Affairs and Policy (skim)
Pew Research Center, Public Sees U.S. Power Declining as Support for Government Engagement Slips, December 2013